Used water

Q: Please help me, I have a quite bad waswasa wudu issue and i'm stuck on this fiqh problem, I know the problem looks quite long, but if you could help me, it would make my life easier, please. 

In the hanafi madhab, I have read two slightly different interpretations that when does water become Musta'mal water (used water). I have included several examples so you may understand my issue.

OPINION A) Water becomes used when water leaves the BODY

OPINION B) Water becomes used when water leaves the LIMB

To me, this is a distinct difference.

In my wudu following OPINION B, washing my feet has been difficult, due to what I call a boundary issues ie Water may land on the wrong limb (e.g LEG) during washing and flow onto the limb being washed (e.g FEET)-in which this water has now become Musta'mal as it has left the limb (LEG) and gone to a different limb (FOOT). 

EXAMPLE 2 ie water lands on slightly above the ankles (leg) and flow onto the ankles-using opinion B this would be Musta'mal water on my ankle instead of purifying water

EXAMPLE 3 for the face- to ensure I wash the entire face, the washing exceeds the boundaries of the face to ensure that the entire face is washed.

This means that I end up having Musta'mal water on my hands which I need to deal with before I wash my face for the second and third time.

EXAMPLE 4 Same for arms, the elbow and upper arm.

So my wudu is taking longer than it should, I could follow OPINION A, this would mean that if water flowed from just above the ankle (leg) onto the foot, this water would still be purifying however, I am nervous my wudu would not be valid because of Opinion B.

Can you help me?


A: There is no need to worry or have these types of doubts. According to the preferred opinion, used water is regarded as paak. Hence, after washing a certain limb, if water from another washed limb had fallen on it, it will not affect the wudhu. 

And Allah Ta'ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

(وهو أي الماء المستعمل طاهر) ولو من جنب وهو الظاهر لكن يكره شربه والعجن به تنزيها للاستقذار وعلى رواية نجاسته تحريما (الدر المختار  1 /200-201)

ومشايخ العراق قالوا إنه طاهر غير طهور بلا خلاف بين أصحابنا واختيار المحققين من مشايخنا هو هذا فإنه هو الأشهر عن أبي حنيفة وهو الأقيس فإنه ماء طاهر لاقى عضوا طاهرا فحدوث النجاسة من أين كما في غسل الثوب الطاهر بالماء الطاهر (تحفة الفقهاء 1/78)

ثم الماء المستعمل طاهر غير طهور عند محمد وهو روايته عن أبي حنيفة وهو اختيار أكثر المشايخ لأن الصحابة رضي الله عنهم كانوا يتبادرون إلى وضوء رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فيمسحون به وجوههم ولم يمنعهم ولو كان نجسا لمنعهم كما منع الحجام من شرب دمه (الاختيار لتعليل المختار 1/16)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)